Given its experiences with the disastrous 1923 hyperinflation, it is not surprising that postwar Germans have been hypersensitive about a stable currency and obsessed with fiscal responsibility. Some of the essay ideas below may seem to contain subjects that have nothing in common. That fact can be reassuring in some circumstances, insofar as it helps insulate successful policies from opponents who mistakenly want to overturn them. What made sense in the 1950s did not make sense in 2009, but German policymakers focused solely on the bad habits of the Greeks and others and downplayed both their own role in creating the crisis and their overly rigid commitment to fiscal orthodoxy. Can a nation’s bad habits be broken? Walt is the Robert and Renée Belfer professor of international relations at Harvard University. Access up to 5 articles a month free.
Subscribers But because both the Pentagon and the CIA are committed to these tools, and because they give presidents a cheap way to “do something” without putting a lot of boots on the ground, this reflexive response to messy problems in faraway places is becoming another bad habit. Finally, our “special relationships” with certain Middle East countries — e. g., Saudi Arabia, Israel, Egypt — are a classic case of a bad habit we can’t quite quit. Choose whatever product makes the most sense for you. Below you can see an example of a short list comparing ebooks with traditional books. After you make these lists, you ll put together a single statement that states an overall assessment of your comparison.
To keep the price of the German deutsche mark stable by limiting inflation. ”This perspective continues to dominate Germany’s approach to economic policy, which is why Berlin insisted on harsh austerity policies after the 2008 financial crisis, policies that prolonged the recession and imposed excessive hardships on a number of European countries. In fact, most (all? ) states have some “bad habits” — well-established but questionable practices that remain in place even when the justification for them is no longer apparent (if it ever was). For this type of assignment, it is best to organize your thoughts before you start to write, and it is especially helpful to begin with a small chart. Your chart will give you a visual aid for clarity, as well as provide a sound structure which helps with paragraph organization. Your goal is to make a simple list of comparable characteristics for both of your subjects. Breaking bad habits is also less likely when both actions and consequences are concealed from view, whether we are talking about Russia’s reliance on poisoning or the National Security Agency’s overly energetic attempts to “collect it all. ” And when bad habits are firmly rooted within the existing political institutions — as is the case in highly corrupt societies — rooting them out can be nearly impossible. All of which reminds us that we must be — yes, my favorite word — realistic about the ability of complex societies to change their spots overnight. As the German and Japanese examples suggest, sometimes change comes only after a major national disaster, like an addict who has finally hit bottom. Think again. Photo credit: Such tools may be useful in certain contexts (for example, they seem to have helped degrade the Islamic State faction in Libya), but using airpower to try to win complex counterinsurgency campaigns has failed in Afghanistan, Yemen, Iraq, and elsewhere. Meanwhile, the Palestinians remained mired in their own set of bad habits — internal rivalries, corruption, and counterproductive forms of resistance — practices that have set their own national aspirations back for decades. And what about Germany? This statement will be a first draft of your. For example, using the ebook v. Because the truth matters. Click Here to subscribe for 20% off! The United States used to tolerate slavery and the racism that accompanies it, but it has spent the past century or more trying to rid itself of that poisonous legacy, albeit imperfectly. A global superpower can probably afford a few bad habits. They can also persist because they appeal to widely held values, or because well-organized interest groups within society work overtime to defend them, even if the habits themselves are damaging. Take the United States, for instance. Sign up for an FP Premium subscription today for the best fact-based source for breaking news, analysis, and insights into the most pressing stories of the day, all for $7. 99. In addition to all the benefits of FP Web Access (unlimited articles on our website, up to 4 newsletters, and custom alerts on topics of your choosing), that have won worldwide acclaim and an audience of millions for Foreign Policy, FP You’ll find contrasting characteristics as well as similar characteristics in each individual set. Now try comparing the following to prepare for your own assignment: Encouraging democracy isn’t always a bad idea, of course, but the United States keeps trying to do it even when the consequences are likely to be harmful. And Egypt’s Anwar Sadat abandoned Gamal Abdel Nasser’s bad habit of trying to lead the Arab world and focused solely on trying to advance Egypt’s particular interests. But as we all know, breaking a bad habit isn’t easy. Of course they can.
Register to activate FP All Access As Jonathan Shimshoni showed in his book , this policy worked pretty well with Jordan. Either way, know that you re getting thorough, honest reporting. Just try telling the Air Force that manned aircraft are on the way out. Traditional book lists, you might come up with a sentence like When comparing ebooks to traditional books, I found that the ebook seems to provide extra convenience while the traditional book provides a greater comfort factor. continue reading below our videoYour individual characteristic comparisons will provide topics for your body paragraphs. Government persists in thinking it can solve complicated political problems through airpower, and especially through “targeted assassinations” in distant lands. For example, you could write an entire paragraph about the low cost of a used textbook as it compares to the high investment needed for using an ebook. You can be pretty creative when writing a compare and contrast essay. You may want to add a statement column in your chart/list to explain why items are similar or very different. Each of these relationships may have made good sense in the past — though all of them should have been more conditional on our clients’ good behavior — but the strategic and moral rationales behind each one have been growing weaker over time. After independence, Israel adopted a strict policy of reprisal toward the Palestinian Fedayeen operating in the ill-defined borderlands left after the 1948 armistice. Dealing with dissidents and other opponents in this way became a standard operating procedure, with a durable bureaucracy dedicated to maintaining these capabilities as part of Moscow’s repertoire, even when the people targeted are at worst minor irritants and killing them does more damage to Russia’s international position than leaving them alone. Such behavior, in short, is a bad habit Moscow has yet to break. But Russia is hardly unique in this regard. U. S. Premium for 20% off! In the war on truth, honest reporting matters. When you begin working on a comparison essay, you should consider going through a few steps before you jump into writing the. Officials can’t bring themselves to stop trying to spread democracy willy-nilly, no matter how often such attempts backfire. Bad essay habit of. The next time you find yourself thinking some charismatic new leader is going to sweep into office and fix everything: Singapore’s Lee Kwan Yew famously transformed a notoriously corrupt port city into a model of probity, its undemocratic features notwithstanding.
Leon Trotsky was no threat to Joseph Stalin by 1940, for example, but the latter still had him killed in exile in Mexico. Because eliminating entrenched agencies is difficult (and all the more so when they are secretive), bad habits can linger long after they have ceased to be useful. The damage to Israel’s international image outweighs whatever strategic benefits might be gained, but it is a habit Tel Aviv cannot seem to break. Yet the “special relationships” persist and, in some cases, expand, even as the negative consequences accumulate. That’s the advantage of being a wealthy and extremely secure superpower, by the way: Premium subscribers receive: All yours for just $7. 99! Or subscribe to FP Web Access for just $5. 99! This policy also persists because, NGOs, and hybrid organizations (such as the National Endowment for Democracy) are committed to the enterprise. Germany and Japan used to have a very bad habit of trying to conquer their neighbors, but both nations seem to have successfully abandoned that impulse for good. JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty ImagesStephen M. Prominent cases include Alexander Litvinenko, who was poisoned with polonium in London in 2006, and Alexander Perepilichny, who died while jogging in 2012 but whose body was later found to have contained extracts from a rare poisonous plant. What struck me about this disturbing piece was the continuity of this policy over many decades. As the extensive literature on bureaucratic politics teaches us, such behavior often persists because a part of the government is committed to it and wants to keep itself in business. But it also means that policies that have simply outlived their usefulness can be as hard to eradicate as kudzu. But being able to afford one’s vices doesn’t make them virtues. Other states have plenty of bad habits of their own. But think again! The New York Times published recently suggesting that the Russian government has been murdering dissidents, critics, exiles, former officials, and other alleged enemies, often by poisoning them. It’s a bad habit we can’t seem to break. Similarly, the U. S. This policy included attacking Jordanian, Egyptian, and Syrian forces — in part to give these governments an incentive to crack down on the Fedayeen — and it may have made sense back in the early 1950s. It is partly because democracy, liberty, freedom, etc., are baked into American political culture, making it hard for critics to argue that other societies might be worse off if they suddenly became democratic. As “The German Bundesbank was established in 1957 as the world’s first fully independent central bank with a simple but all-encompassing mandate: As the Times article makes clear, political murder — and in particular, the use of poisoning — seems to have been hard-wired into some key organs of the Soviet/Russian state, going all the way back to the days of the NKVD and maybe even back to the Tsars. Unfortunately, it also contributed to an intensifying spiral of hostility with Egypt and thus played a role in causing both the 1956 and 1967 wars. Today, of course, the reprisal policy involves using the powerful Israel Defense Forces against a vastly weaker set of Palestinian groups, which inevitably causes disproportionate civilian casualties.