This is seen as a kind of continuum. Butler notes that feminists rejected the idea that biology is destiny, but then developed an account of patriarchal culture which assumed that masculine and feminine genders would inevitably be built, by culture, upon 'male' and 'female' bodies, making the same destiny just as inescapable. That argument allows no room for choice, difference or resistance. Kendall Thomas (Routledge, 1999) See this comprehensive bibliography. Butler suggests that certain cultural configurations of gender have seized a hegemonic hold (i. e. Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (Routledge, 1990).
Hegelian Reflections in Twentieth Century France (Columbia University Press, 1987).
- Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative (Routledge, 1997).
- The Psychic Life of Power: Indeed, she is described in alt.
culture as one of the superstars of '90s academia, with a devoted following of grad students nationwide. (A fanzine, Judy! , was published in 1993). Her subsequent publications (see at the bottom of this page) are covered here less. This idea of identity as free-floating, as not connected to an 'essence', but instead a performance, is one of the key ideas in queer theory. In other words, gender is a performance; Judith butler queer theory essay. David Gauntlett, 1998. And finally -- what has this got to do with media and communications studies? I say that just in case I want to use any of it in a book one day. Rather than opening up possibilities for a person to form and choose their own individual identity, therefore, feminism had closed the options down. They have come to seem natural in our culture as it presently is) -- but, she suggests, it doesn't have to be that way. There are also to a good student essay on Butler, and some interview extracts (both on this site), as well as web resources on other sites.
Quotes from Gender Trouble copyright This text summarising Gender Trouble is copyright Well, the call for gender trouble has obvious media implications, since the mass media is the primary means for alternative images to be disseminated. On the Discursive Limits of Sex